periyar cardamom hills

periyar cardamom hills

[46], The High Range Plateau is located around Munnar and Devikulam. This section drains into the Periyar through the Perinjankutty Ar and the drainage channel is essentially from south-east to north-west. Thekkady is a popular resort and spice trading town next to Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary in the Cardamom Hills and provides convenient access to the park. The crestline of the Cardamom Hills in this section along the border with Theni and Kambam, in comparison with the rest of the main watershed line of the Cardamom Hills and the High Ranges, is low, reaching up to only about 1,000 metres (3,300 ft). [56] Water from these rivers are transferred to the adjacent Sholayar basin as part of the PAP agreement. [11][12] It is variously claimed to be located in Kerala and in the neighbouring state of Tamil Nadu. There are cardamom hills, there is cardamom hill reserve, there is the Western Ghats. Cardamom hills is … Here the High Wavies branch off towards north-west into Tamil Nadu, with some peaks reaching elevations of over 1,900 metres (6,200 ft) along the border between Kerala and Tamil Nadu. The control and safety of the Mullaperiyar dam on the river and the validity and fairness of the corresponding lease agreement have been points of dispute between Kerala and Tamil Nadu states. [74] In the Periyar river basin, land sand mining is widespread in the plateau region in the highlands. Beautiful natural landscapes....worth it, We took the boat trip this morning and it was a shitshow. [42], The Periyar is an 8th order stream with considerable development of tributary network. [22], Towards north, the Lower Periyar Valleys and the Periyar Basin extend up to the Idamala gorge cut by Periyar’s northernmost tributary – Idamalayar. Spices from Southern India was considered to have possessed world-class quality. It lies in the south of Western Ghats along the border with state of Tamil Nadu in India. This is the southern extreme of the Periyar basin. The sub-plateau extends north from near Ayyappankoil to near Neriamangalam. Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the largest and most visited wildlife reserves in India, and one of Kerala’s most popular destinations. The river originates in Kerala, flows entirely through Kerala and joins the Arabian Sea in the Kerala. Our lovely local guide showed us Gaur, Malabar Squirrels, Jungle fowl, wild pigs, a Malabar Wolf Spider and some tiny bats. This is a protected area placed in the Idukki and Pathanamthitta districts of Kerala. This population is genetically more diverse and distinct from the much larger elephant population further north in the Ghats. The park is situated in Thekkady, Central Kerala.The whole forest is hilly and is located in the space midst Cardamom hills. The Cardamom Hills get their name from the spices that are cultivated in these mountains of the Western Ghats in Kerala. With its crisp, clean air, spice-scented plantations and undulating hills, the region continues to beckon the adventurous traveller. The Mangalapuzha branch joins Chalakudy River and empties into the Lakshadweep Sea at Munambam, and the Marthandavarma branch flows southwards, again dividing into two near Kunjunnikkara island, going through the Udhyogamandal area and finally draining into the Cochin backwater system (part of Vembanad Lake) at Varappuzha. [22] The Idamala gorge separates the Sholayar forests in the Nelliyampathies towards the north from the southern Anamudi Reserved Forest and High Range Plateau. The most prestigious region on the high ranges of the Western Ghats, the Periyar Tiger Reserve is located on the Cardamom Hills … The National Park is situated right at the heart of Pandalam Hills and Cardamom Hills of Southern Western Ghats. It has no significant extent of natural forests remaining anywhere. This region is also known for its rich biodiversity. [4], The upper part of the Periyar basin extends across the Cardamom Hills. It is drained by the tributary Nirar, which runs in a South Westerly Direction and falls into Idamalayar. The Idukki dam is constructed across the Periyar river on the famous Idukki gorge formed by the Kuravan and Kurathi hills. Cardamom Hills and Periyar wildlife sanctuary, Kerala, India. The dam also permits storage of water for the dry summer period when many other reservoirs in the area are low. [9][47][48] Within this section there are a series of deep west-sloping valleys where the valley floors are often at elevations less than 300 metres (980 ft). [41], At Aluva, the river bifurcates into the Marthandavarma and the Mangalapuzha branches. Forests occupy nearly 1,500 square kilometres (580 sq mi) (28%) of the basin area whereas cardamom and settlement with mixed tree crops occupy an area of 322 square kilometres (124 sq mi) and 2,176 square kilometres (840 sq mi) respectively. Another inter-basin transfer from the Periyar to the Muvattupuzha river due to the Idukki project has further adversely affected the downstream flow in the Periyar river. There are cardamom hills, there is cardamom hill reserve, there is the Western Ghats. Pandikuzhi – Perfect Picnic Spot. [46] The area belonging to Tamil Nadu in the Periyar basin is situated here. The hills join the Aryankavu pass in the North, Agasthyamalai hills to the South, Palni Hills to the North-East and Anaimalai Hills … It’s located in the Cardamom Hills section of the Western Ghats at an altitude of 900m-1800m. It lies between latitudes 9°15’30"N and 10°21’00"N and longitudes 76°08’38"E and 77°24’32"E. The river drains parts of Idukki, Ernakulam and Thrissur districts in Kerala and Coimbatore districtin Tamil Nadu. While it met the demand for water on one hand, it led to the deterioration of water quality downstream of the river. The Cardamom hills cover around 2800 square kilometers of terrain with deep valleys including the drainages of west flowing rivers – Mullayar, Periyar and Pamba. It was so much revenue for the Kingdom, they could not have ever diluted it. Apart from this, the reserve also contains an estimated 323 species of birds, 38 species of fish and 44 species of reptiles. km is the hub of the wild animals. Industries in the Eloor industrial zone discharge waste into the river. Did you know that cardamom plantation was the Monopoly of the Travancore Kingdom that ruled over Southern Kerala for more than 400 years, yes along with the British towards the end.. Periyar Tiger Reserve is the home to immense greenery, dense forests, and some of the most interesting species of wild animals in their natural habitats. The 925-square-kilometre (357 sq mi) Periyar Tiger Reserve is mostly within this southernmost part of the Cardamom Hills. The area covering 350 sq km right in the middle of serene Periyar Lake was declared as a National Park in the year 1982. ... Cardamom Hills : for sightseeing, picnic and photography; Suggested places to Stay. The state of Kerala has asserted during the hearings on the Mullaperiyar issue in the Supreme Court of India that the Periyar originates in Kerala, flows entirely through Kerala and joins the sea in the Kerala. [79] It has also cited a 1950 report signed by the then Kerala state irrigation minister V R Krishna Iyer recording that Periyar is an inter-state river since some of its drainage area lay in Madras state. The northern edge of the Cardamom Hills bordering the High Range Plateau on the other hand slopes steeply to the south and is drained by Panniyar. There are cardamom hills, there is cardamom hill reserve, there is the Western Ghats. [24][25][26] However, the Supreme Court of India in its judgement on the Mullaperiyar issue in 2014, made it clear that Tamil Nadu is not a riparian state of the river Periyar.[27]. The largest is within the Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary. Its eastern boundary is a northwest to southeast ridge separating the Idukki reservoir from the Kallar/Perinjankutty tributary of Periyar which drains the main Cardamom Hills. The southern boundary of the Cardamom Hills runs along a westerly spur hill starting from the Chokkampatti Mala which initially runs north and then turns northwest almost parallel to the Sivagiri Range. Spread over 777 sq.km of the Cardamom Hills of Western Ghats, the Periyar sanctuary is located 137 km from Madurai. From the biodiversity value, this unit is of special importance because of its specialized high altitude flora and fauna. The most prestigious region on the high ranges of the Western Ghats, the Periyar Tiger Reserve is located on the Cardamom Hills of Thekkady. [81], Waterway map Periyar is a boast of a rich bird life, animal life and plant life. more, Browse our largest collection of experiences, No stress transit for your arrival and departure, Explore on your feet—and never miss anything. [43] The dams falling within Tamil Nadu in the Periyar basin are the Upper Nirar Weir and the Lower Nirar Dam. The diverted water, after power generation, is let into the Suruliar river (a tributary of the Vaigai River) thereby resulting in an inter-basin transfer of water. Periyar (meaning: big river) is the longest river and the river with the largest discharge potential in the Indian state of Kerala. We could spot some animals at a distance, but the journey was enjoyable. Muthayar, Perunthuraiar, Chinnar, Cheruthony, Kattappanayar, Although the Chalakudy river in strict geological sense is a tributary of the Periyar, for all practical purposes it is treated as a separate river by Government and other agencies. Kerala states that the Periyar is an intrastate river since no part of it flows through Tamil Nadu. • Approximately 100 km east of Kottayam, 110 km west of Madurai and 120 km southeast of Kochi 6. Supply of water for drinking and industrial purposes are met by a portion of storage water by the barrage of Bhoothathankettu. • The park is located at 4 km from Kumily; border between Kerala and Tamil Nadu in Idukki district. It lies between latitudes 9°15’30"N and 10°21’00"N and longitudes 76°08’38"E and 77°24’32"E. The river drains parts of Idukki, Ernakulam and Thrissur districts in Kerala[43] and Coimbatore district in Tamil Nadu. The tradition holds that the mosque, built in 629 AD by Mālik bin Dīnār, is the oldest mosque in India and the second oldest mosque in the world to offer Jumu'ah prayers. The Periyar National Park in Thekkady, Kerala, is one of the most bio-diverse regions in the world and the best-protected reserve area that one can lay eyes on in India. We will start cycling after a short brief from our representative regarding the cycles and the route. [47], Due to all the diversions in its basin, the Periyar has lost 22 per cent of its average flow. This 900-to-1,000-metre (3,000 to 3,300 ft) high western crestline separates the Periyar catchment from the Manimala, Meenachil and Moovattupuzha drainage basins. The Edayar branch of Periyar caters to the needs of these industries. The general gradient is towards the west here. In the banks of Periyar Lake lays the pride of Kerala – The Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park. 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